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Monday, July 30, 2012

Bugatti Veyron Super Sport of the beautiful

Supercar combines white-blue color with some unique modifications, appeared on the track F1 Hockenheim (Germany).

On 24 and 25/5, High Performance Auto Sport Event Days 2012 takes place on the F1 race, with the participation of the drift and the race car to compete. Among them are impressive Veyron Super Sport.
Veyron Super Sport
Bugatti Veyron Super Sport in the World Festival for the car and drift in Germany.
Located between the headlights and the left wind cavity is mounted plates. Right no.
Wheels were painted blue.
Also the engine compartment color as the rim and the bottom half of the vehicles.
American English
Photo: Autogespot


TOYOTA Brand TOYODA modified from the text, is called the founder of this car.
Toyoda family started in the profession Aiichi cooking sake, the capital, Tokyo more than 300 km to the southeast. In 1936, Sakichi Toyoda family decided to move the profession, from winemaking career move to establish a company specializing in car production The name change from Toyoda to Toyota stems from three reasons:
- The 'Toyoda' unknown pronounced as 'Toyota' and more appropriate for marketing purposes. In Japanese 'Toyo' means 'many' and 'we' means 'rice': many rice that is rich, filled.
- In Japanese, the word Toyota only 8 strokes vs. 10 strokes of Toyoda, that the traditional concept of the Japanese, the number 8 is lucky number than the 10 that they considered tasteless, no place for advancement.
- Refresh, separated from a professional familiar with the name Toyoda cooking sake.
'Trade mark' of Toyota created it and 4/1937, Toyota officially registered commercial licenses.
At that time, according to expert advice at the Japanese subsidiary of General Motors in Japan at that time Shotaro Kamiya, Sakichi Toyoda held a contest for the new company logo with these criteria should be understandable, evocative that it was a company in the country and contain Japanese syllables.
Icon of 27.000 samples were sent, with an icon named 'Toyota' with circle around.
Then, through a modified, Toyota was the symbol of today. It is
Figure 3 nested eclipse, representing the third heart.
Heart expresses three meanings:
- Concern for customers,
- The attention to product quality
- Attention to the ongoing development efforts in engineering
Fortunately for Toyota is the Toyota factories in Aichi Prefecture from being bombed during World War II that helped Toyota and start the recovery process in the production of commercial cars debut Model SA.
In 1950, the retail company Toyota Motor Sales Co. birth and until 1956 they set up distribution systems Toyopet.
The Toyota is the second largest company in the world after combination car giant General Motors of America. It can be said of Toyota's success stems from a combination of innate talent and business owners of Toyota and the colors of the traditional culture of Japan.
The success of Toyoto made ​​up of elements which it had emphasized in its logo:
- Strategic business insight
- Good customer service, meet the demand for spare parts
- Pay attention to technical innovation, reliability and low motor fuel-

History of Chevrolet

Chevrolet, Chevy short name, owns a lot of cars, from small cars to sport utility vehicles and large SUV is the Chevy advantage as possible to the customer a car priced any segment of the market.
In 1911, after William C. Durant lost control of the company General Motors, he has combined with an original Swiss racer Louis Chevrolet formed the Chevrolet Motor Company. The first product the company was the Classic Six was introduced to the public in 1912. The 5-seat car is equipped engine can reach maximum 100 km / h (65 miles) with electric lights and convertible. Mounted on the Chevrolet logo first appeared in 1914. According to what is documented, then Durant had the bright idea to create this logo to see the wallpaper in his room at a hotel in Paris.
1915 saw the launch of 490 vehicles and achieved great success as sales reached 100,000 units. By 1918, the company's profits were so high that Durant had money to buy back the shares of GM and enough to take control of this company. Chevrolet quickly merged to become part of the GM and always in the highest group of GM sales by mid-1920.
Growth Chevrolet is growing: in 1927, surpassing the Ford, with sales reaching 1 million units. Chevrolet also contribute to the comfort and pleasant to use when fitted with independent front suspension for the car in 1934. This technology increases the value of the product a lot because at that time the quality is not today.
By 1950, Chevrolet has added assisted braking option, seats and windows for vehicles, contribute to increase the luxury car price even lower. In 1953, the company has introduced the Corvette is seductive body shell made ​​of fiberglass. The 1960s saw the introduction of the Corvair car is equipped with air conditioning and vehicle independent suspension all first. This decade also saw the competition of the launch vehicle Chevrolet Nova and Camaro sport compact - response-selling cars of Ford Mustang. Even in the first year was put into production in 1967, Camaro vehicle immediately after the record up to 10% of total sales of Chevrolet.
In the 1970s, before the change in consumer preferences, Chevy has responded by launching a new small cars such as Vega and Chevette. In addition the company also reduced the size of some of its vehicles to as Caprice and Malibu. In the 1980s, the company has manufactured vehicles Cavalier to deal with the foreign brands dominate the car market. This is also the time when truck and SUV sport utility vehicle started to become popular. The car's size medium and large firms exist to this day the most common type on the street.
Chevrolet is always the dominant firm has produced some of America's most famous cars such as '57 Bel Air, Corvette, Camaro, Blazer and Suburban. Today, the company continues to generate the most popular brand in the GM lineup.

Sunday, July 29, 2012

History of Porsche

Porsche is a sports car manufacturer in Germany, founded in 1931 by Ferdinand Porsche, the engineer made ​​the first Volkswagen car. The company headquarters is located in Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart city.
The first Porsche Porsche 64 in 1938, more use of the Volkswagen Beetle. The second Porsche 356 sports car in 1948. In 1963, after some success in the sport, the company launched 911. Currently, 911 is still being produced, became well-known model and its success. This car was the soul of Porsche.
In 1969, Porsche partnered with Volkswagen to produce VW-Porsche 914 and 914-6, and in 1976 with a Porsche 924 car used many Audi components and was produced at Audi's plant. Porsche Cayenne (introduced in 2002), shared with the VW Touareg body (in-house production e'koda in Bratislava). Both Audi and e'koda are subsidiaries of VW. The model is the most expensive Porsche Carrera GT price of 450,000 Euro introduction in 2004.
In sports, Porsche also reap significant success in the Le Mans 24 hours (with 16 victories), Paris Dakar. Porsche has been taking part in F1 from 1958 to 1964 but only once at the French Grand Prix victory in 1962.
Porsche returned to F1 in the position of the engine supplier for McLaren in 1983. The vehicles equipped with the Porsche has brought two-time champion for the manufacturer in 1984, 1985 and the third individual title of the 1984, 1985, 1986. In 1991, Porsche again step into F1 (also with nominal supply engines) but failed and retreated since then.

Cadillac was born like?

For over 100 years of continuous efforts and development, Cadillac has always been proud of the title "first" and "number one" must honor the family was that it called Cadillac.
The name Cadillac
Early 20th century marked an important turning point of the car industry in the world when Henry Leland founded a car manufacturing company and named Cadillac - the name of the legendary founder Antoine de la Detrioit Mothé Cadillac. To celebrate this event, the Herald has designed the logo of the company based on the Cadillac badge of the family reputation. The company's first car - Model A Runabout is the first vehicle honored to carry this logo.
Conquering the world
1908, ie only a few years after producing four-cylinder engine first, forcing the Cadillac car industry stunned performance car parts for ease of installation in many different positions . This event laid the foundation for car production on a large scale in the world, and help Cadillac won the Dewar Trophy honors the Royal Automobile Club - Royal Automobile Club (UK). Also from this point, the company's logo proudly add slogan "Standard of the World".
But Cadillac seemed to deliberately go against the order of the global auto industry set a goal to "Quality precedes quantity" and put all resources into a vehicle design best can.
1910 Cadillac Model Thirty was the first car to retire from the system boots by hand thanks to the power system and start the ignition. This is considered a wonderful invention because many drivers had a broken arm or jaw broken by the system started manually. Again the title of the Dewar Trophy was awarded to Detroit, and Cadillac became the only car manufacturer to achieve this noble title two times. 
By 1915, Cadillac switched to V-8 engine with water cooling, although at that time 4-cylinder engine remains popular. During the First World War (1916-1918), thermostatic cooling system and headlamp system is very effective when used at night has led Cadillac to become the number 1 choice for the U.S. military.
'20s Has confirmed its position and credibility of the world for Cadillac cars when Cadillac introduced the windshield wipers and rearview mirror, and satisfy the most demanding customers by changing the body design more stylish and luxurious.
In 1927, the first time the relationship between form and function of a car is a car manufacturer really an eye. The LaSalle convertible became the first car created by a designer look, but not by an automotive engineer as before.
Late '20s, Cadillac styling synonymous with beauty and luxury. Cadillac has launched the 30 with the debut of V-16 engine fitted to passenger cars, along with it's customers represent different models for the V-8, V-12 and V-16. By 1936, Cadillac has owned about 68 different vehicle models. In 1938, Cadillac has won one more "one" again in the history of their development by putting the word "sunroof" (sunroof) to the dictionary the United States. 
World War 2nd Cadillac has given many the opportunity to show talent and potential.With V-8 engines, tanks used for M-5 and M-8 Howitzer, Cadillac proudly uphold the slogan "Famous in peacetime - Affirm the superiority in wartime."
1950 not only marked the sales of 100,000 units / year (nearly double the pre-World War II) but also reap the Cadillac in the race 24 Hours of Le Mans - one of the most intense race in the world world - with the ranking 3rd, 10th and 11th.
'60s Continued to mark the achievements of Cadillac technology with self-adjusting brakes, air conditioning systems, heating ventilation and static temperature, followed by the introduction of the headlights turned off automatic seatbelts for the front seats, electric heating panels for the seats and stereo system.
Cadillac celebrate the '70s with the production line's largest passenger car in the world - the Eldorado 8.2L - 400hp. From 1975-1978, Cadillac continues to lead the car industry with continuous improvements: air bag systems and equipment advanced to neutralize emissions.
By redesigning classic cars of the 30s and 40s, early 1980s, Cadillac has raised the movement of "nostalgia" has great influence on the entire car industry in the world. Do not fall asleep with the successes in a row, Cadillac continued investment in technology and became the first car manufacturer to use the integrated microprocessor to control the ignition system, fuel and operating of the overall vehicle.
In 1984, Key Distribution System Gold has set new standards for the sale of vehicles, including understanding the specifications and features of the car and test drive. It is through these efforts that only a few years later, Cadillac JDPower has been selected as the leading car manufacturers on customer satisfaction car.
In 1992, the Cadillac Seville honored the title "Car of the Year" thanks to the excellent features such as control of the vehicle traction, antilock brake system and suspension speed sensor.
In 2000-2001, Cadillac reaffirmed class on the track that it has forgotten, by focusing on the most advanced technologies to improve vehicle performance. Cadillac Presidental race back in 2001 Inaugural Parade. 
To date, over 100 years of constant effort and development, Cadillac has always been proud of the title "first" and "number one" must honor the family was that it called Cadillac.

History of Aston Martin

Aston Martin, one of the most prestigious car brands in the world, despite being over half a dozen hand-holders for the past 9 decades, has always won the respect in the world car industry world.
In 1914, Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford together to build a car and call it the Aston Martin. Aston text is taken from Lionel Martin's victory in the race to climb the hill Aston in Herfordshire, vicinity of London. After World War I, initially appeared successful. In 1922, the race car built by two consecutive break 10 world speed record at the time. However, that does not mean profit and the company bankrupt in 1925.
Charnwood family, which had poured so much into the company, took over and Augustus Cesare Bertelli recruit, a gifted engineer, to make the car as International, Le Mans and the Ulster, the names are often initiated on the podium the glory of the race to attract the most prestigious race to the Aston. Even so, it would not help the company from being handed again in 1932.
After World War II, a new owner David Brown bought Aston Martin. David Brown to get rich from the production of tractors and other agricultural machines. In 1950, the DB2 (DB stands for David Brown) and immediately launched successfully on the racetrack as well as on the market. In 1958, DB4 made ​​its debut masterpiece. Emboldened by the success, David Brown decided to build more cars involved championship sports car racing world. Aston won the award in 1959 with DBR1, while the most consistently at Le Mans in the same year.
The Aston Martin DB5 help become familiar names to appear alongside episode 007 in Goldfinger. Photo: Kingclassiccars.
The '60s was the advent of time and DB6 DB5 car and then the DB6 Volante convertible soft. However, the sudden appear next James Bond in Goldfinger episodes raise the reputation of the Aston Martin than any competitor. In the film, the units of which 007 DB5 equipped with machine-gun control, the change table with buttons, armored, a smoke screen, oil spray to smooth the driving seat and can zoom out emergency such as the fighter. Aston Martin suddenly became familiar in every corner in America and who also want one. That was the peak of the Aston Martin.
Things started to deteriorate in the 70s. In 1972, David Brown sold the company. A series of car with a V8 petrol powerful but consume push the company into a difficult position, when the world is in conflict over oil and start the strict regulations on emissions. Production dropped to a few dozen cars, the company was sold to a group of investors, before once again changed hands in 1981. Difficulties continued until 1987, when Ford Motor Co. jumped on the bandwagon and buy 75% ownership of Aston Martin. With strong backing from the second largest university in the world auto industry at that time, the company suddenly found his stability. In 1993, Aston Martin DB7 for the furnace, fast car success unprecedented in company history. In 1994, Ford acquired Aston Martin complete.
The AM Vanquish unique in Vietnam. Photo: Boxing.
While the parent company began to decline over the years, Aston Martin has become one of the successful luxury brands in a firm manner. In 2001, Aston Martin Vanquish rolled out its one of the most beautiful design ever. with brutal power and advanced technology. The appearance of the Vanquish in Die Another Day and Casino Royale DBS in two new episodes that 007 Aston Martin take back part of each image that it created in the 60s with Goldfinger.
The launch of the logo
The formation of Aston Martin logo over the periods respectively.
Aston Martin name was originally written with a hyphen in between and then discarded when it first changed hands in 1925. By 1930, this spelling is used again in a few commercials. When to buy the company after World War II, David Brown put dashes go back and add new models, two letters DB, short for his name. This writing is also used today.
At the furnace for the first car, Lionel Martin selected logo is a circle with two interlocking letters AM. In 1928, new style logo comes with words written on a Aston Martin design the wings outstretched. Sang until 1930, such logos remain, but with stylized wings. And 1932, the logo we see today appear: With outstretched wings and Aston Martin letter, written with dash, mounted in the center.

A brief history of Hyundai

A new member on the U.S. market as Hyundai, automobile manufacturer in Korea for its products has improved significantly in recent years. Cars and sport utility vehicle SUV Hyundai has brought a new level for cars with affordable prices.
Hyundai started as a civil construction company by founder Chung Ju Yung in 1947 and is one of the leading construction companies throughout the decade Korea 50.Late 1960s, Mr. Chung decided to turn to the automotive sector. At that time the Korean government to import cars that will be better than domestic production. But Mr. Chung was selected follow his own ideas, establishing Hyundai Motor Company in 1967.
Pony, the first car from Hyundai design and production in 1974
The company quickly built with the cooperation of Ford - one of the oldest cars. The joint venture contract assembly sharing technology with 2-year period was signed in 1968 and has released the first product is a car brand Cortina. Then, with the support of technology Mitsubishi, Japan, Hyundai's first car designed and manufactured in Korea named Pony was launched in 1974.
Hyundai began to penetrate the U.S. market in 1986 with the launch of small car line Excel. After the first seven months on the market, sales of Excel has peaked with more than 100,000 units sold. By 1988, after accruing enough experience, Hyundai began producing vehicles using its own technology and Sonata midsize car is the first result of this effort.
However, the emerging picture of Hyundai in the U.S. was quickly faded, falling sales by offering the strength and poor reliability. In the 90s, the company was determined to cling U.S. market by actively invest, improve and design new products with quality and reliability. This decision has brought its considerable success in the early years of the new millennium through more and more people want to own Hyundai products.
The company has gradually dispel concerns and doubts about the quality of their products by issuing a long-term warranty Special (10 years and 160 thousand km for transmission, engine and gearbox!) . Although the Hyundai product line less than other manufacturers, but the company has gained market share over the Kia brand, a brand of Korean automobile company acquired in 1998. At present, Hyundai has been known as a manufacturer of high-value cars with reasonable price.

History of Jeep

Today, the name Jeep became famous not only in military but also worldwide. However, not everyone knows the life history and development of this famous car marks. Until now, many people still misunderstand that the first Jeep vehicle was born by Willys car company.
The truth is not so. Jeep was the first car designed by a small car company, not very famous in America: American Bantam Car Company, based in Butler. American Bantam Car Company originally a branch of the Austin Car Company, a British car manufacturer, then known as the American Austin Car Company.
1941 Willys Jeep.
Austin often produce small cars, fuel economy, named Austin Seven, very common in England. Unfortunately for Austin Car Company, of the Austin Seven and never appeared to mark names in the U.S. and therefore, this company is almost bankrupt.In efforts to save the business, he was president of the Austin Car Company was renamed the company to American Bantam Car Company (Bantam). This company produced Austin Seven cars improved towards larger cars in the UK to serve the American consumer tastes.
Bantam Jeep, the first car was chosen military service.
Everything that exists every lingered until Bantam become one of the first manufacturers to capture the demand for compact cars of the U.S. military. The company has set up a group of professionals including some of their cars to the U.S. National Guard Bureau to introduce the production capacity of its military vehicles.After tireless efforts, finally, the military also agreed to undertake design Bantam models small, light, serving the military in 1940 with the request to design a hybrid car 4x4 weight not exceeding 600 kg.
Bantam Jeep 4x4.
In 1941, Bantam established a research department in charge to take over and serve the requests from the military. The first model was named Jeep, which was produced by Willys Willys MB and the name Ford, named GPW.
Ford Pygmy.
Indeed, the U.S. military had to worry about production capacity greater numbers of Bantam, and they decided to invite a number of other manufacturers to join this project. To comply with the requirements of military progress, manufacturers need to design and finished product samples within 49 days. If the sample is approved, manufacturers will have to complete 70 products within 75 days. Requirements along with the time limit weight while also ensuring good quality for a military vehicle from the military has led many manufacturers to give up. Only Bantam, Willys and Ford was determined to continue the project.
1941 Ford Pygmy.
Bantam designs to meet almost all requirements of the U.S. military, but a little weight problem. The prototype the company handed over on time. After careful inspection, the military has accepted this model and formally ordered 70 units.
But, as noted above, the military was worried about Bantam's production capacity by this really is a small company and the limited capacity so they decided to join Ford Willys with projects, production cars by Bantam and designs of their own, although earlier models of Willys does not meet the weight requirements, and Ford vehicles can not be delivered on time.
Bantam jeep bcr40.
Both Ford and Willys were modified to accept and process their cars. Model of the Willys Quad and the Ford Pygmy get a separate time to complete. For ease of surface satisfy the military, both models are using multiple lines of car design has been approved Bantam. On his part, the Bantam Bantam has assigned the GPV (General Purpose Vehicle) on time and they were the military appreciate this car. The contract was signed and this is considered the largest order ever and it has ever done.
1952 Jeep Willy.
What happens then, unfortunately for Bantam. The army considers both three models equally and concluded: Bantam car design but unsatisfactory but not strong. Truck Quad (Willys) but the engine healthy weight. And the Ford Motor Pygmy weak, unstable system drive, but overall the best way to look. First order of 1,500 vehicles assigned to Bantam and Willys with an adjustment in weight from 600kg to 1,000 kg car. All three manufacturers are continuing to adjust their designs towards more complete from the initial design of the Bantam.
Between 1941, the military exists to terminate the same three separate models by selecting only the Willys car because of its lower cost and see this as the base model.Willys received 16,000 orders a car and was named Jeep.
Bantam continued to produce their own products for the military, called Bantam 40 BRC, but the partner does not approve because it is not the correct standard. These cars are transferred to the British and Soviet troops. It should be interesting that after testing, the Red Army decided on a Bantam, Willys and ignore the Ford.
In essence, the military vehicles Willys was selected the same as the Bantam 40 BRC.In winter 1941, the Army wants to develop generation second by Willys vehicles can not meet the consecutive order is sent. 11/1941, the U.S. Army moved 15,000 units orders to Ford, according to the Willys design. The vehicles produced by Ford GPW named (G is the Government Vehicle, P is the wheel size, and expression engine Willys W). From this point, the military sampling Ford modeling basis, instead of the previous models of Willys.
Abre Jeep.
The presence of Ford and Willys, Bantam 40 BRC of the termination of his mission with the U.S. military. During World War II, Willys MB and Ford 500,000 GPW is transferred to the military. Bantam 40 BRC vehicles used by the army as 2675 units.After "doing blow" is not this post, Bantam end "of the" production of his car. Contract with the military vehicle produced by companies such as candle flames flared up last before shutting down.
What is already clear who design and produce the famous Jeep first, that the American Bantam Car Company. The first Jeep by Karl Probst, Bantam project leader of the design vehicle at its plant in Butler. Willys and Ford responsible for the later development.
If you are a player and love the Jeep vehicle vulgar, useful and impressive, try to find one of the Bantam 40 BRC 2675.

History of Jaguar jaguar

Established in 1922, automakers Sawllow Sidecar, abbreviated SS, renamed to coincide with the name of Jaguar by Nazi forces. Over 84 years, Jaguar manufacturing philosophy remains the most beautiful cars, strong, cunning and wild species such as jaguars.
In 1922, in a town south coast Blackpool, England, a guy is not enough love motorcycles 21 years old, Bill Lyons, met William Walmsley, 29, whose interests are not inferior. Walmsley has finished processing the sidecar (3 wheel car) for themselves and especially your new guide to view it. Immediately, Bill Lyons felt the commercial potential of this model. With youth, Lyons and Walmsley Swallow Sidecar Company, founded in May 9/1922 with a capital of £ 1,000.
Jaguar icon from jaguars species. Photo: Wikipedia
At first, the Swallow Sidecar Company has only two floors in Blackpool to watch for offices and workshops. All work is done by hand. After the establishment of several months, a business talent appears named Arthur Whittaker, who later would help the first car of the Swallow Sidecar to customers quickly. Arthur Whittaker has stayed with Jaguar in 50 years and became one of the most sophisticated business foggy island.
Creative stamping method used to produce aluminum casing sidecar, Swallow Sidecar quickly became famous when the goods "expensive like hot cakes" and improving productivity increase. However, the ambitious Lyons does not stop there. In 1927, when Herbert Austin launched the Austin Seven small cars cheap, easy to drive and handy but lacks personality, Lyons has produced a concept car 2 seat, body Swallow Sidecar mounted on the chassis of the Austin Seven . Immediately, an order is placed on the table 500 Arthur Whittaker.
That was the start of a new alliance between Lyons and Bertie Henly, who runs the popular UK garage, Henlys. Priced at £ 175 or £ 185 for the hardtop version, Austin Seven Swallow always "Fire" and did not stop there, Lyons continued to launch shell model Swallow mounted on larger chassis, named Morris Cowley. Swallow the influence of increasing the Austin Seven Swallow Saloon launched in 1928 and continued success.
Design XKR always bow his new cropped style. Photo: Seriouswheels
After a production time associated with the other car, Lyons did not want to suddenly make their tires on the chassis of other cars. This reduces the design criteria and above all, he wanted to target the car personality, not merely production sports car. If plans go according to Lyons, will be Swallow Sidecar chassis produced in the absence of experience and raw materials.
To solve the problem, Lyons has been associated with wisdom Standard Motor Company and "because" the company produce chassis design of the Swallow Sidecar engine but fit Standard. In 1931, the SS was Swallow Sidecar campaign launched by the hype and big profits. Following SS SS I and SS II Coupe, all with low ground clearance and long bonnet.
To 1934, William Walmsley, who do not prefer the more interesting links and lose interest in investment, decided to break with Swallow Sidecar. Lyons immediately redirect their attention to technical improvement, worker training, building infrastructure for the production of all equipment, vehicles that are not "lay by" as before. First, he went to Harry Weslake, a counseling center includes many design professionals tornado machine. Then, Lyons established engineering office and appointed young, William Heynes of head. Heynes who played an important role in Jaguar 35 years later.
No mascot logo, logo Jaguar replaced by the report. Photo: Seriouswheels
In 1935, the first time the phrase "Jaguar" is mentioned on that William Heynes model development. Engineers try to lift the engine capacity from 75 to 105 horsepower while focusing design Lyons tires so impressive, completely different than previous models.Initially, the Sawllow Sidecar SS number after the letter but of ad agency to recommend adding the word "Jaguar".
Jaguar is a name well-known species of American jaguar, symbol of strength and power in Latin American culture. People here believe that Jaguar is the connection between life and death. Jaguar was born to protect the emperor. Although Lyons do not really like but eventually, the name "Jaguar" was approved. Shortly after the launch at the Mayfair Hotel, London, SS Jaguar range orders received by it costs only a quarter of Bentley though not inferior in quality.
Business activities of Sawllow Sidecar is going well, the 2nd World War broke out. Like all other plants of England, was ordered Sidecar Sawllow focus on the war and returned to production cars sidecar. When World War ended, the first decision was renamed Lyons Sawllow Sidecar (often abbreviated as SS on the nose of the car) into Jaguar. The reason is simple because from SS coincides with the name of the force of the Nazi SS during World War 2.
After changing its name to Jaguar, 11 years later, Lyons officially put icons North American leopard spots on his new Jaguar Mark VIII 1956. Symbols that have followed 30 years later Jaguar and a model for the design engineer in accordance with strong physique, flowing sap and wild animals is known as the jungle lord.
Despite a series model as well as different products over time, Jaguar manufacturing philosophy remains the best-looking car, the fastest on the basis of a combination of intelligent technology with contemporary elegance. On the road to modernization, Jaguar as not to lose the historical value that Lyons had pursued until his death in 1985.

Founder of Benz cars and three-pointed star

Karl Friedrich Benz (25.11.1844 - 04.04.1929) is a manufacturer of motors and is a German automobile engineer. He is recognized as the people who invented the automobile run by gasoline engines. Two other German contemporaries, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach, and independent research on the same with his invention, but Benz was granted a patent for his work and then he was granted a patent for all All major components make up the internal combustion engine.
In 1885, he built the Motorwagen, the first passenger cars equipped with a gas. This car has 3 wheels, front wheel drive with passengers and the engine was mounted on the rear wheels (currently a number of such vehicle called a tricycle). In addition, he also invented the carburetor, or speed system called accelerator, ignition systems for spark from the battery, buzi ignition, clutch, gear and water tanks cooling.
In 1896, Karl Benz designed and patented the first internal combustion engine with pistons horizontally in opposite directions to each other. This is the design principles of high performance engines used for sports cars.
Benz founded the Benz Company, precursor of Daimler-Benz, Mercedes-Benz and DaimlerChrysler. Before his death, he saw the explosion of demand for automobiles during the 1920s thanks to his inventions.
Karl Benz (Karl Friedrich Michael Vaillant) was born in Karlsruhe, Germany. His father was a train driver named Johann George Benz and Josephine Vaillant mother. Time he was born, they never officially married, and they must move to the new married in 1845. Karl two years old when his father died because of a railroad accident, and his name was changed to Karl Friedrich Benz in honor of the father.
Although living in poverty, but his mother still tries to school him kindly. Benz attended the local Grammar School at Karlsruhe and became an excellent student. In 1853, at 9 years old, he was at school specializing in science Lyzeum. Then he entered the Polytechnic University under the direction of Ferdinand Redtenbacher.
Initially Benz learn locksmithing, but eventually followed his father's footsteps apprentice locomotive engineers. 15, he passed the exam and mechanical engineers are studying at the University of Karlsruhe. He graduated on 07/09/1864.
This time, when using a bicycle, he began to formulate the concept of a car that later became wagon without a horse.
After completing his studies, Benz has 7 years of professional training in a few companies but he did not see fit to any company. He started in Karlsruhe with two years doing different jobs at an engineering firm. He then moved to Mannheim to do a sketch at the same time as a designer in a company draw ratio. In 1868, he went to Pforzheim to work for bridge construction company Benckiser Eisenwerke Gebruder und Maschinenfabrik, and then to Vienna for a short time working at a construction company and iron.
Benz's Factory and first inventor (1871-1882)
In the age of 27 (1871), combined with Karl Benz founded August Ritter in Mannheim mechanical plant (also to provide both construction materials): The mechanical and cast, then renamed the manufacturing plant Sheet-metal working machines.
In the first year of the plant was a dismal failure. Ritter no longer trusted the local authorities shall order the confiscation of the factory. Benz bought out Ritter's share in the company of his father's dowry fiancée, Bertha Ringer.
Benz and Ringer married on 7/20/1872, had five children: Eugen (1873), Richard (1874), Clara (1877), Thilde (1882), and Ellen (1890).
Because the business is not so lucky Karl Benz moved to develop the new engine. To get more revenue, in 1878, he began to make the new patent. At first, he concentrated all efforts to create a gas engine reliable second period, based on 4-stroke engine design by Nikolaus Otto. Benz finished his engine on New Year's Eve and was patented in 1879.
Karl Benz showed his real talent through continuous invention while a two-stroke motors. He was granted a patent for speed system, ignition system for battery ignition, buzi ignition, carburetor, clutch, gear and radiator cooling.
Gasmotoren-Fabrik Mannheim Company of Benz (1882-1883)
The problem arises when the banks in Mannheim requirements merger of Benz Gas because it maintains the high production costs. Benz was forced to rescue by linking with the photographer Emil Bühler and his brother (a cheese merchant) to get the support of the bank. The company became joint-stock companies Gasmotoren Fabrik Mannheim in 1882. 
After all the necessary agreements, Benz unhappy because he only retain 5% of the shares and a modest position as company directors. Worse, his ideas are not paying attention to when designing new products, so he withdrew from this partnership just a year later (1883).
1885 Benz Patent Motorwagen
Benz & Cie and the Motorwagen
Lifelong passion Benz took him to a bicycle repair shop of Max Rose and Friedrich Wilhelm Esslinger. In 1883, the three formed a new company producing industrial machines called Benz & Company Rheinische Gasmotoren-Fabrik, or also called Benz & Cie. Rapid development with 25 employees, the company soon embarked on the production of gas engines.
The company gave Benz the opportunity to satisfy the desired design is not a horse wagon. Based on experience and love of cycling, he has used similar technology to create a car, 4-stroke engine in itself placed between the rear wheels. Power is transmitted through gears by chains to the rear axle. Benz finished his invention in 1885 and named it the Benz Patent Motorwagen. It was the first automobile designed whole, not simply a motorized rickshaw. That's why Karl Benz is considered the inventor of the automobile.
The beginning of 1885 Motorwagen not be as expected. The tests often attracted many viewers. They laughed sarcastically when the vehicle crashed into a wall because initially it was hard to control. The Motorwagen be patented DRP-37 435 on 29/02/1886: "gas-powered vehicles." The first successful test was conducted in early summer 1886 on public roads. The next year, Karl Benz built the Motorwagen Model 2 with a few changes, and in 1887, Model 3 with wooden wheels out to the public.
Benz began selling cars - under the name ad-Benz Patent Motorwagen and Motorwagen became the first car to be put on the market. The first customer (late summer 1888) is a person working in a mental hospital. Buyers Monday, Emile Roger, who Paris, has a very profound influence to the success of the Benz. In a period of several years, Roger has produced the engines of Benz under his permission, and in 1888, decided to further his car into production lines. So many of the Benz cars manufactured in France and sold by Roger, because at that time, who seems very popular Paris car.
The first customer facing many serious problems. At that time, gasoline is only available in pharmacies and sold as a cleaning product, and is stored in large quantities. Moreover, the 1888 version of the Motorwagen to push when going uphill.This limitation is overcome after Berta Benz made ​​her famous trip, drive one car to go quite a distance away from her husband and suggested adding a different gear.Famous story comes from a morning of 05/08/1888, Berta Benz took the car of Benz (her husband did not know this), and make long trips to 106 kilometers from Mannheim to Pforzheim visit her mother, take both sons Eugen and Richard. Apart from having to manage to gasoline as a fuel at pharmacies on the way, she must overcome many technical problems and finally to Pforzheim at dusk sky, his achievements notice for Karl Benz by telegram. Today, the event was held in Germany in a stock car race.
Model 3 of Benz debuted the world at the international fair in Paris in 1889, and about 25 aircraft Motorwagen produced during the period between 1886 and 1893.
Models Benz "Velo" (1894)

The first buses in history

Form Benz "Velo" on display at London 1898
Scaling Benz & Cie.
As the demand for internal combustion engines still growing, Benz was forced to expand the factory, and in 1886 he added a new building located in Waldhofstrasse (active until 1908). Benz & Cie. developed during the transition from 50 employees (1890) up to 140 (1899). During the last years of the 19th century - Benz & Company - is the largest automobile company in the world with 572 cars produced in 1899.
In 1899, Benz & Cie. become joint stock companies with the participation of Friedrich Von Fischer and Julius Ganss, two foreigners are members of the board. Ganss working at the trade.
The new director Karl advice should produce less expensive cars to suit a range of production requirements. In 1893, Benz built the Victoria, a two-seat car with a 3HP motor, the speed can reach up to 11mph, and a front axle operated by a key force in roller wheel for steering. This model successfully with 45 units sold in 1893.
A year later (1894) Benz improved this design in his new Velo model. This car was produced on a large scale - 1200 units from 1894 to 1901 - to the extent it is considered the automobile was first mass-produced. Benz Velo also participated in the first automobile race Paris to Rouen 1894
In 1895, Benz built the first truck in history. Some units are then Netphener bus company, the first bus company in history, changed somewhat.
Karl Benz was granted a patent for boxer engines with horizontal pistons in opposite directions in 1896. The respective pistons simultaneously touching the dead, thus balancing each other on momentum. The engine has 4 or more flattened cylinder boxer engine is the most common and is called reverse horizontal piston engine. This is the principle designer of racing engines such as Porsches operation.
Although Daimler died in 03/1900, and there is no evidence to suggest that Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler knew each other as well as known to the achievements of each other first, but the competition with Daimler Motors (DMG) in Stuttgart began to challenge the leaders of Benz & Cie. In 10/1900 main designer of DMG, Wilhelm Maybach, Mercedes came out-35HP at the request of Emil Jellinek in the contract.Jellinek purchased 36 units and he became a dearler of this model. Although Maybach left DMG in 1907, but he was the design of this model and all its significant changes.After testing, the first car was delivered to Jellinek on 22/12/1900. Jellinek proposed changes continue to model and have obtained good results in the following years, promoting increased production model DMG automobile.
Counterattack by the Parsifil Benz, launched in 1903, with two cylinders and a maximum speed of 37mph. Then, the other directors hired some French designers without consulting Benz. (France is a country with developed automotive industry based on Maybach's invention.) Due to this move, after intense discussions, on 24/02/1903, Karl Benz retired, not management design more reasonable, although he remains a director of the board until losing in 1929. Benz's sons Eugen and Richard also left the company, but Richard back in 1904 in his capacity as an automotive designer guests.
By 1904, sales of Benz & Cie.da 3480 increased the company and the company remains the leading automobile manufacturers. Although still involved in the board of Benz & Cie., But Karl Benz soon find yourself another company and worked with his son, Eugen. The company has close relationships with his family, manufacturing automobiles under a different brand.
In 1909, Benz & Cie. production and the Blitzen Benz racing car has set a record speed of 288.1 km / h, is considered a "faster than any aircraft, train or automobile that" at that time. It maintains a record of this in the next 5 years.
Benz-Söhne (1906 - 1923)
Karl Benz and his son, Eugen, moved to Ladenburg, and with their own capital, they formed a company Benz Sons (Benz-Söhne) in 1906, automobile production and gas engines. Gas engine was later replaced by the gasoline engine due to lack of demand.
Benz-Söhne Cars of good quality and became popular as a taxi in London. In 1912, Karl Benz liquidated all the stocks in the Benz-Söhne and left the company to Eugen and Richard. Year he turns 70 (25/11/1914), Karl Benz was the University of Karlsruhe University awarded the doctorate.
Almost from the beginning of automobile manufacturing industry, the presence of sports car racing has become a way for firms to advertise. Initially, the model produced racing speed and Benz Velo was present in the first automobile race Paris to Rouen 1894. After that, the investment for the development of racing sports cars bring more revenue by attaching names to the winner car. Race car one of a kind produced at that time (which we can see in the image of the Benz), motor vehicle and designed the aerodynamics first, Tropfenwagen, was about presented at the European Grand Prix 1923
350 cars were produced in 1923, the last year the company Benz-Shone. The following year, 1924, Karl Benz produced two additional 8/25 hp for the purposes of his own, so he never sold them. Currently, two cars are still preserved.
Mercedes Benz Logo
Toward Daimler-Benz and Mercedes Benz (1926)
During the First World War, both Benz & Cie. and Daimler Motors (DMG) will increase production in large quantities to serve the war. After the war ended, both manufacturers return to normal operation, but the German economy, which were severely shaken. Cars are considered a luxury and taxed 15%. At the same time, Germany was in a severe shortage of gasoline. To cope with this difficulty, in 1919, as suggested by Karl Benz, Benz & Cie. proposals through cooperation with DMG representative Karl Jahn, but DMG rejected the proposal.
The economic crisis in Germany has become increasingly worse. In 1923, Benz & Cie.producing only 1,328 units in Mannheim, and DMG 1020 units in Stuttgart. The average price of a car is 25 million marks by rapid inflation. Two companies return to negotiations and in 1924 signed an agreement of mutual benefits take effect until 2000. Both firms have the same standardized design, production, purchase, sale and advertising-the automobile market their products - though still holding its own label.
Finally, Benz & Cie on 28/07/1926. and DMG merged into Daimler-Benz company and name their cars as Mercedes Benz honoring the most important model of the DMG, Mercedes-35HP. DMG model name is selected by the name of her 10 year old Mercedes Jellinek daughter of Emil Jellinek (then one of the partners of the DMG), who has set the technical standards for new model. A new logo was created-including three-pointed star (representing Daimler's motto: "engines used for roads, waterways and airways") is surrounded by the traditional laurel branch logo Benz - and Mercedes-Benz labeled. The following year (1927), the number of vehicles sold in 7918 reached a triple and diesel used for truck production. In 1928, Mercedes Benz SS released.
On 04/04/1929, Karl Benz died at his home in Ladenburg at the age of 84 due to bronchitis.

Who is the founder of the legendary Bugatti?

Named Automobile Manufacturing Artisan, this man has been studying at Milan Academy of Art before starting the car manufacturing industry.
He was dubbed the "Artisan Fabrication Car" 
The founder of the legendary Bugatti is no other Ettore Bugatti, was born September 15, 1881 in Milan, Italy, in a family of artists whose name the father has to overcome the geographic boundaries of Italy , sculptor Carlo Buggatti. After graduating from high school he studied at the Academy of Art (Milan), but the attraction of art he did not keep long. He left the Academy to pursue their profession in a bicycle factory Prinetti & Stucchi. At age 17 he built three-wheeled vehicle engines, in the late 18th century he attended a race car with his first car.
1901 at the Milan International Exhibition, he introduced the car to create with the help of brothers Gulinelli and won prizes awarded by the French Automobile Club awarded. Do not the legal age named in the contract, his father had named in the contract works for Dietrich. Unfortunately Dietrich can not meet the research and passion for racing cars manufactured by Ettore. He quickly began to terminate the contract and went to work for Emil Mathis, where he built a car with four-cylinder engine did not forget the passion to continue making his race car. 
After nearly ten years working for various car manufacturers, Ettore Bugatti founded his own in Molsheim, near Strasbourg in 1909. He persuaded a bank to borrow money to build 10 cars and five aircraft engines.
He started his career by making 1327cc engine, 4 cylinders operating as Type 13.One of his success is a sample "Bebe" produced by Peugeot on his design. Before the war, he has built four models 1368cc engine, 8 valves and 5027cc, 16 valves. In 1913 he built 2906cc engine, 8 cylinders in line. In 1921, after the glorious victory at Brescia Grand Prix with the fourth highest ranking belongs to Bugatti, all 16-valve engine produced later Brescia were named to commemorate this victory.
In 1924, Bugatti introduced the Model 35 with racing engine and 2-liter eight-cylinder car is also equipped with cast wheels first. With more than 2,000 wins the Model 35 became the most successful racing cars of all time.
In 1926, Bugatti decided to produce a dream luxury car ultimate reality Royales car engine with 8 machines, 12762cc a capacity of 300 horsepower! Instead of sick dread, this legendary car was born at the wrong time: right before the world entered the Great Depression. Only the 3 most expensive cars in the history of the world's car was found the owner and the car made ​​legendary Bugatti company broke.
During the Depression, fortunately, Bugatti won a contract to build high speed trains for the French government, with the accumulated long experience he has pleased not only government but also help companies its turbulent waves.
Ettore Bugatti also designed and constructed a car running on rails, the Autorail. He also try to both the planes, but without success, Jean Bugatti, son killed while driving on 8/11/1939 try Type 57 racing car near Molsheim factory. Since then, bad luck began to arrive. World War II devastated the factory in Molsheim. T
During the war, Bugatti also built a new factory at Levallois, Paris.
When World War II ended, the Bugatti back into poverty due to forest can no longer restore the Molsheim factory production and on August 21, 1947, he died at the Military Hospital in Paris by lung disease.
Although only 7900 cars produced during the Bugatti of the company, but there are many cars which are still to this day-a testament to the talent and dedication to the history of Bugatti developing world car. With his enormous contribution to the car industry in the world, Ettore Bugatti really deserves the title "Artisan Fabrication Car".